The tradition of pursuing law reform through the medium of a Law Commission was started by the British and continued in post-independent India. Seventeen law commissions have been established since the first law commission established in 1955. The important reports submitted by Law Commissions are mentioned below:

First Law Commission

Established: 1955

Chairman: Mr. M.C. Setalvad (also the First Attorney General of India)

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Presented In Title of Report
1 1956 Liability of the State in Tort
2 1956 Parliamentary Legislation relating to Sales Tax
3 1956 Limitation Act, 1908
4 1956 On the proposal that High Courts should sit in Benches at different places in a State
5 1957 British Statutes Applicable to India
6 1957 Registration Act, 1908
7 1957 Partnership Act, 1932
8 1958 Sale of Goods Act, 1930
9 1958 Specific Relief Act, 1877
10 1958 Law of Acquisition and Requisitioning of Law
11 1958 Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
12 1958 Income Tax Act, 1922
13 1958 Contract Act, 1872
14 1958 Reform of Judicial Administration

Second Law Commission

Established: 1958

Chairman: Justice T. V. Venkatarama Aiyar

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
15 1960 Law relating to Marriage and Divorce amongst Christians in India
16 1960 Official Trustees Act, 1913
17 1961 Report on Trusts Act, 1882
18 1961 Converts' Marriage Dissolution Act, 1866
19 1961 The Administrator-General's Act, 1913
20 1961 The Law of Hire-Purchase
21 1961 Marine Insurance
22 1961 Christian Marriage and Matrimonial Causes Bill, 1961

Third Law Commission

Established: 1961

Chairman: Justice J. L. Kapur

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
23 1962 Law of Foreign Marriages
24 1962 The Commission of Inquiry Act, 1952
25 1963 Evidence of Officers about forged stamps, currency notes, etc. Section 509-A Cr.P.C. as proposed
26 1964 Insolvency Laws
27 1964 The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
28 1964 The Indian Oaths Act, 1873

Fourth Law Commission

Established: 1964

Chairman: Justice J. L. Kapur

Term: 4 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
29 1967 Proposal to include certain Social and Economic Offences in the Indian Penal Code, 1860
30 1967 Section 5 of the Central Sales Tax Act, 1956, taxation by the States in the course of import
31 1967 Section 30(2) of the Indian Registration Act, 1908 - Extension to Delhi
32 1967 Section 9 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
33 1967 Section 44 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
34 1967 Indian Registration Act, 1908
35 1967 Capital Punishment
36 1967 Section 497, 498 and 499 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
37 1967 The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
38 1968 Indian Post Office Act, 1898

Fifth Law Commission

Established: 1968

Chairman: Mr. K. V. K. Sundaram

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
39 1968 Punishment for imprisonment for life under the Indian Penal Code
40 1969 Law relating to attendance of Prisoners in Courts
41 1969 The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
42 1971 Indian Penal Code
43 1971 Offences against the National Security
44 1971 The Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in Civil Matters

Sixth Law Commission

Established: 1971

Chairman: Justice P. B. Gajendragadkar

Term: 8 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
45 1971 Civil Appeals to the Supreme Court on a Certificate of Fitness
46 1971 The Constitution (Twenty-Fifth Amendment) Bill, 1971
47 1972 The trial and punishment of Social and Economic Offences
48 1972 Some questions under the Code of Criminal Procedure Bill, 1970
49 1972 The proposal for inclusion of agricultural income in the total income
50 1972 The proposal to include persons connected with the Public examination within the definition of 'Public Servant'
51 1972 Compensation of injuries caused by automobiles in hit-and-run cases
52 1972 Estate duty on property acquired after death
53 1972 Effect of the Pensions Act, 1871 on the right to sue for pensions of retired members of public service
54 1973 The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
55 1973 Rate of Interest after decree and interest on costs under Section 34 and 35 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
56 1973 Statutory Provision as to the Notice of Suit other than Section 80, Civil Procedure Code
57 1973 Benami Transactions
58 1974 Stature and Jurisdiction of the Higher Judiciary
59 1974 Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and Special Marriage Act, 1954
60 1974 The General Clauses Act, 1897
61 1974 Certain problems with the power of the States to levy a tax on the sale of goods

Seventh Law Commission

Established: 1974

Chairman: Justice P. B. Gajendragadkar

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
62 1974 Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923
63 1975 The Interest Act, 1839
64 1975 The Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956
65 1976 Recognition of Foreign Divorces
66 1976 Married Women's Property Act, 1874
67 1977 The Indian Stamp Act, 1899
68 1977 The Power of Attorney Act, 1882
69 1977 The Indian Evidence Act, 1872
70 1977 The Transfer of Property Act, 1882

Eighth Law Commission

Established: 1977

Chairman: Justice H. R. Khanna

Term: 8 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
71 1978 Irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground for divorce
72 1978 Restriction on practice after being a permanent judge
73 1978 Criminal liability for failure by husband to pay maintenance or permanent alimony granted to the wife
74 1978 Proposal to amend the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 so as to render Admissible certain statements made by witnesses before Commissions of Inquiry and other Statutory Authorities
75 1978 Disciplinary jurisdiction under the Advocates Act, 1961
76 1978 Arbitration Act, 1940
77 1979 Delay and arrears in trial courts
78 1979 Congestion of under trial persons in jails
79 1979 Delays and arrears in High Courts and other Appellate Courts
80 1979 Method of Appointment of Judges

Ninth Law Commission

Established: 1979

Chairman: Justice P. V. Dixit

Term: 1 year

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
81 1979 Hindu Widows Re-marriage Act, 1856
82 1980 Effect of nomination under Section 39, Insurance Act, 1938
83 1980 The Guardian and Wards Act, 1890
84 1980 Rape and allied offences-some questions of substantive law, procedure and evidence
85 1980 Claims for compensation under Chapter 8 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939
86 1980 The Partition Act, 1893
87 1980 Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920

Tenth Law Commission

Established: 1981

Chairman: Justice K. K. Mathew

Term: 4 year

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
88 1983 Governmental Privileges in Evidence
89 1983 The Limitation Act, 1963
90 1983 The Grounds for Divorce amongst Christians in India
91 1983 Dowry deaths and law reform
92 1983 Damages in applications for Judicial Review Recommendations for legislation
93 1983 Disclosures of sources of information by mass media
94 1983 Evidence obtained illegally or improperly
95 1984 Constitutional Division within Supreme Court
96 1984 Repeal of certain obsolete Central Acts
97 1984 Section 28 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872: prescriptive clauses in contracts
98 1984 Sections 24 to 26 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
99 1984 Oral and written arguments in the Higher courts
100 1984 Litigation by and against the Government
101 1984 Freedom of Speech and Expression under Article 19 of the Constitution
102 1984 Section 122(1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
103 1984 Unfair Terms in contracts
104 1984 The Judicial Officers' Protection Act, 1850
105 1984 Quality control and inspection of consumer goods
106 1984 Section 103A, Motor Vehicles Act, 1939
107 1984 Law of Citizenship
108 1984 Promissory Estoppel
109 1985 Obscene and Indecent Advertisements and Displays
110 1985 Indian Succession Act, 1925
111 1985 Fatal Incidents Act, 1955
112 1985 Section 45 of the Insurance Act, 1938
113 1985 Injuries in Police Custody

Eleventh Law Commission

Established: 1985

Chairman: Justice D. A. Desai

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
114 1986 Gram Nyayalaya
115 1986 Tax Courts
116 1986 Formation of an All India Judicial Service
117 1986 Training of Judicial Officers
118 1986 Method of appointment to subordinate courts
119 1987 Access to Exclusive Forum for victims of motor accidents
120 1987 Manpower planning in Judiciary
121 1987 A new forum for Judicial Appointments
122 1987 Forum for National uniformity in Labour Adjudication
123 1988 Decentralization in Administration of Justice
124 1988 The High Court Arrears - A fresh look
125 1988 The Supreme Court - A fresh look
126 1988 Government and Public Sector Undertaking Litigation policy and Strategies
127 1988 Resource Allocation for Infra-Structural Services in Judicial Administration
128 1988 Cost of Litigation
129 1988 Urban Litigation - Mediation as alternative to Litigation
130 1988 Benami Transactions : A continuum
131 1988 Role of legal profession in Administration of Justice

Twelfth Law Commission

Established: 1988

Chairman: Justice M. P. Thakkar

Term: 1 year

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
132 1989 Need for Amendment of the Provisions of the Chapter IX of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 in order to ameliorate the hardship and mitigate the distress of Neglected Women, Children and Parents
133 1989 Removal of discrimination against Women in matters relating to Guardianship and Custody of Minor Children and Elaboration of the Welfare Principle
134 1989 Removing Deficiencies in certain provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923
135 1989 Women in Custody
136 1990 Conflicts in High Court decisions on Central Laws - How to foreclose and how to resolve
137 1990 Need for creating office of Ombudsman
138 1990 Legislative Protection for Slum and Pavement Dwellers
139 1991 Urgent need to amend Order XXI, Rule 92(2), Code of Civil Procedure
140 1991 Need to amend Order V, Rule 19A of the Code of Civil Procedure
141 1991 Need for amending the laws as regards power of courts to resolve criminal revisional applications and criminal cases dismissed for default in appearance
142 1991 Confessional treatment for offenders who on their own initiative choose to plead guilty without any bargaining
143 1991 Legislative safeguards for protecting the small depositors from exploitation

Thirteenth Law Commission

Established: 1991

Chairman: Justice K. N. Singh

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
144 1992 Conflicting Judicial decisions pertaining to the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
145 1992 Article 12 of the Constitution and Public Sector Undertakings
146 1993 Sale of Women and Children: Proposed Section 373-A, Indian Penal Code
147 1993 The Specific Relief Act, 1963
148 1993 Repeal of Certain pre-1947 Central Acts
149 1994 Removal of certain deficiencies in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (Act No. 59 of 1988)
150 1994 Suggesting some Amendments to the Code of Civil Procedure (Act No. V of 1908)
151 1994 Admiralty Jurisdiction
152 1994 Custodial Crimes
153 1994 Inter-Country Adoption

Fourteenth Law Commission

Established: 1995

Chairman: Justice K. Jayachandra Reddy

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Date of Presentation Title of Report
154 1996 The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Act No. 2 of 1974)
155 1997 The Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985(Act No. 61 of 1985)
156 1997 The Indian Penal Code

Fifteenth Law Commission

Established: 1997

Chairman: Justice B. P. Jeevan Reddy

Term: 2000

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
157 1998 Section 52:Transfer of Property Act, 1882 and its Amendment
158 1998 The Amendment of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951
159 1998 Repeal and Amendment of Laws: Part I
160 1998 Amendment to the All India Council for Technical Education Act, 1987 (Act No. 52 of 1987)
161 1998 Central Vigilance Commission and Allied Bodies
162 1998 Review of functioning of Central Administrative Tribunal, Customs, Excise and Gold (Control) Appellate Tribunal and Income-Tax Appellate Tribunal
163 1998 The Code of Civil Procedure (Amendment) Bill, 1997
164 1998 The Indian Divorce Act, 1869 (Act IV of 1869)
165 1998 Free and Compulsory Education for Children
166 1999 The Corrupt Public Servants (forfeiture of property) Bill
167 1999 The Patents (Amendment) Bill, 1998
168 1999 The Hire-Purchase Act, 1972
169 1999 Amendment of Army, Navy and Air Force Act
170 1999 Reform of Electoral Laws
171 2000 The Biodiversity Bill, 2000
172 2000 Review of Rape Laws
173 2000 Prevention of Terrorism Bill, 2000
174 2000 Property Rights of Women: Proposed Reforms Under the Hindu Law

Sixteenth Law Commission

Established: 2000

Chairman: Justice B. P. Jeevan Reddy (till 2001 ), Justice M. Jagannadha Rao (2002 to 2003)

Term: 3 years

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
175 2000 The Foreigners (Amendment) Bill, 2000
176 2001 The Arbitration and conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2002
177 2001 Law Relating to Arrest
178 2001 Recommendations for amending various enactments, both civil and criminal
179 2001 Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informers
180 2002 Article 20 (3) of the Constitution of India and Right to Silence
181 2002 Amendment to Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882
182 2002 Amendment of Section 6 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894
183 2002 A Continuum on the General Clauses Act, 1897 with special reference to the admissibility and codification of external aids to interpretation of statutes
184 2002 Legal Education & Professional Training and Proposals for amendments to the Advocates Act, 1961 and the University Grants Commission Act, 1956
185 2003 Review of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872

Seventeenth Law Commission

Established: 2003

Chairman: Justice M. Jagannadha Rao

Term: 2006

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
186 2003 Proposal to Constitute Environment Courts
187 2003 Mode of Execution of Death Sentence and Incidental Matters
188 2003 The Proposals for Constitution of Hi-Tech Fast - Track Commercial Divisions in High Courts
189 2004 Revision of Court Fees Structure
190 2004 The Revision of the Insurance Act, 1938 and the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999
191 2004 Regulation of Funds collected for Calamity Relief.
192 2005 Prevention of vexatious Litigation
193 2005 Transnational Litigation, Conflict of Laws, Law of Limitation
194 2005 Verification of Stamp Duties and Registration of Arbitral Awards
195 2006 The Judges (Inquiry) Bill, 2005
196 2006 Medical Treatment to Terminally Ill Patients (Protection of Patients and Medical Practitioners)
197 2006 Public Procecutor's Appointments
198 2006 Witness Identity Protection and Witness Protection Programmes
199 2006 Unfair (Procedural and Substantive) Terms in Contracts
200 2006 Trial by Media : Free Speech Vs. Fair Trial Under Criminal Procedure (Amendments to the Contempt of Court Act, 1971)
201 2006 Medical Treatment after Accidents and During Emergency Medical Condition and Women in Labour

Eighteenth Law Commission

Established: 2006

Chairman: Justice A. R. Lakshmana

Term: fixed till 2009

Sr. No. Presented in Title of Report
202 2007 Proposal to Amend Section 304-B of the Indian Penal Code
203 2007 Section 438 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 as Amended by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2005 (Anticipatory Bail)
204 2008 Proposal to Amend the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 as amended by Act 39 of 2005
205 2008 Proposal to Amend the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 and other allied Laws
206 2008 Proposal for enactment of new Coroners Act applicable to the whole of India
207 2008 Proposal to amend Section 15 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 in case a female dies intestate leaving herself acquired property with no heirs
208 2008 Proposal for the amendment of explanation to Section 6 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 to include oral partition and family arrangement on the definition of 'partition'
209 2008 Proposal for the omission of Section 213 from the Indian Succession Act, 1925
210 2008 Humanization and Decriminalization of Attempt to Suicide
211 2008 Laws on Registration of Marriages and Divorce - A proposal for Consolidation and Reform
212 2008 Laws of Civil Marriage in India - A proposal to Resolve Certain Conflicts
213 2008 Fast Track Magisterial Courts for Dishonoured Cheque Cases
214 2008 Proposal for Reconsideration of Judges Cases I, II and III

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