Uniform Syllabus for Math and Science
Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry has decided to introduce a common syllabus for students of Classes XI and XII across the country. The decision will be implemented for the session 2011. The curriculum will no longer be dependent on State school board affiliation.
All school boards have agreed to follow a single, national-level entrance exam for all engineering and medical courses from 2013. The plan is to reduce the burden on students.
National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh launched National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency on February 6, 2010. The aim is to cut carbon emissions by 99 million tonnes. The mission is a part of National Action Plan on Climate Change.
Courts can initiate CBI probe
The Supreme Court has clarified that courts can initiate a CBI probe without the consent of State governments. It cautioned tough, that powers should be used carefully and in rare cases. Chief Justice K. G. Balakrishnan, heading the five-judge Constitution Bench observed that it is in accordance with fundamental rights of citizens under Article 21 of the Constitution, it said.
Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill
The proposed Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill will replace the 42 year old Judges Inquiry Act. The bill will set 14 guidelines for judges to be known as judicial standards. The bill has been deferred for now but will be reviewed by a group of ministers (GoM).
Nuclear Liabilities Bill
The Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill, 2009 is commonly known as the Nuclear Liability Bill. It is being seen as the nest step to Indo-US nuclear agreement paving the way for International Operators to work in India.
The Bill aims at limiting the liability of a nuclear plant operator to Rs 300 crore in case of an accident. A claims commissioner will be appointed with powers of a civil court to arbitrate such cases. Claims will be handled by Nuclear Damage Claims Commission. Only the operators will be liable to pay penalties and not not the supplier companies.
At present the Atomic Energy Act, 1962, allows the government-owned Nuclear Power Corporation of India to operate nuclear power plants in the country.
Justice Srikrishna: Telangana Formation
A five-member committee, headed by Justice B.N. Srikrishna will look into the modalities of forming the separate State of Telangana. The committee will submit its report by December 31, 2010.
India, UK Nuclear Agreement
India and UK have signed a civil-nuclear cooperation declaration on February 11, 2010. UK is the eighth country after France, the USA, Russia, Kazakhstan, Namibia, Mongolia and Argentina to sign such a pact with New Delhi. This will kick start civil-nuclear cooperation between the two countries.
Free and Compulsory Education act
Some points for Free and Compulsory Education Act:
- Government must provide free and compulsory education to all children of India in the age group of 6 to 14 years.
- No child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until completion of elementary education.
- A child above six years of age, who has not been admitted in any school or though admitted, could not complete his or her elementary education, then, he or she shall be admitted in a class appropriate to his or her age; Provided that where a child is directly admitted in a class appropriate to his or her age, then, he or she shall, in order to be at par with others, have a right to receive special training, in such manner, and within such time limits, as may be prescribed: Provided further that a child so admitted to elementary education shall be entitled to free education till completion of elementary education even after fourteen years.
- For the purposes of admission to elementary education, the age of a child shall be determined on the basis of the birth certificate issued in accordance with the provisions of the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1856 or on the basis of such other document, as may be prescribed. No child shall be denied admission in a school for lack of age proof.
- Children who complete elementary education shall be awarded a certificate.
- The law will be applicable all over India, except in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
- 25 percent of seats will be reserved for economically disadvantaged communities in admission to Class One in all private schools.
- All the expenses will be shared between state and central government.